SemicodeOS is a Linux distribution especially built for programmers and web developers. It includes out of the box all the compilers, text editors, IDEs of the most popular programming languages, and collaboration tools for teams.
Even if you are not a programmer or developer but want to become one, SemicodeOS comes with the Scratch IDE to guide you in your first steps. While still in beta, this Sudan-based distribution has surely lots to offer to the community during the next year.
Check their website for more information.
EnchantmentOS is a Xubuntu 16.04-based distribution that includes especially-selected applications with low-memory requirements. This makes it ideal for both old and new hardware.
It follows the same Long-Term Support cycle than Xubuntu and aims at providing reliable and secure Linux software. On top of that, the built-in applications that is easy to use even for non-technical people.
In addition, its creator takes pride in that EnchantmentOS offers great performance even when booted off USB flash drives.
3. Escuelas Linux
Escuelas Linux (“Linux Schools” in Spanish) is a Bodhi Linux-based distribution that is built for elementary and high school education and includes out of the box a wide variety of educational software. Regardless of its Spanish name, it provides full English support as well.
Other distinguishing features of Escuelas Linux are a lightweight desktop environment and low-memory and storage requirements. According to the official website, it can work perfectly fine with as low as 300 MB of RAM and 20 GB of available hard disk space.
As opposed to the previous distributions on this list, OviOS is not a multi-purpose operating system. Rather, it is described as an enterprise level storage OS that is not based on any other distribution but that is fully-compatible with the Linux Standard Base (LSB).
You can use OviOS as a robust storage appliance that can handle a iSCSI, NFS, SMB and / or FTP server. On top of this, the latest OviOS version features replication and high-availability. So what are you waiting to give it a try?
5. Open Network Linux
ONL (for short) is a Debian-based distribution, and (just like OviOS) it is not a multi-purpose operating system.
If you are a network administrator you will be pleased to find out (if you didn’t know already) that you can use ONL on bare-metal switches that would otherwise require an expensive, licensed operating system.
It is important to note that ONL stands out for the wide variety of network-oriented and bare-metal related software included out of the box.